The Achilles tendon is the toughest band of tissue in the human body. It enables us to bend our feet while walking, jumping, and running. Due to this role, the Achilles tendon is very susceptible to damage. Particularly musculofascial shortenings of the surrounding muscles and overloading the tendon can cause painful conditions such as irritations, inflammations, tears, or, at worst, ruptures. These discomforts can often be identified by the following symptoms: swelling, reddening and warmth of the skin, impaired movement, stiffness, sudden or continuous throbbing pain. There are several options to treat those conditions. Similarly, changing specific behavioral patterns, like correcting training errors, changing your diet, and wearing and using appropriate gear during exercise, can have positive effects. Medication may be used, but will not fix underlying causes and yields no lasting results. In the worst case, an operation might be considered. Exercises, including stretching exercises, are generally recommended to relieve and prevent further pain.
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